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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS ON DEC 12 2016

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS ON DEC 12 2016
1. Science and Technology - China launches advanced weather satellite Fengyun-4:
China has successfully launched Fengyun-4 satellite, first of its new generation weather satellites into geostationary orbit.
It was launched onboard of Long March-3B carrier rocket from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan Province.
The launch marked the 242nd mission of China's Long March series of rockets.
Fengyun-4 is the first of China's second-generation weather satellites and also the country's first quantitative remote-sensing satellite in highest orbit.

2. National - President Pranab Mukherjee launches 100 Million for 100 Million Campaign:
President Pranab Mukherjee launched a '100 Million for 100 Million' Campaign at Rashtrapati Bhavan.
The campaign was conceptualized by Nobel peace prize winner Kailash Satyarthi and was organized by the Kailash Satyarthi Children's Foundation.
The campaign aims to mobilise 100 million youth and children for 100 million underprivileged children across the world.
Its prime objective is to end child labour, child slavery, violence against children over the next 5 years.

  3. State - Rajasthan govt launches mobile app for tourists:
Rajasthan government has recently launched a mobile App that provides latest information about tourist attractions in Ajmer and Pushkar.
The app LeZgo provides inputs in 12 prominent languages.
The App will soon be localised for Jaipur, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Pali and Bharatpur.

4. International - World's longest rail tunnel opens in Switzerland:
The famed Gotthard Base Tunnel (GBT) has started regular commercial rail service in Switzerland.
The first regular train to use GBT ferried passenger from Zurich to Lugano.
The twin-bore GBT is world's longest and deepest railway tunnel with length of 57-kilometer.
It had overtaken Japan's Seikan tunnel (53.9 kilometers) as the longest rail tunnel in world after it was opened in June 2016 for its maiden ride.

5. Person - Dipa Karmakar's autobiography to be co-authored by her coach Bishweshwar:
Nandi Gymnast Dipa Karmakar's coach Bishweshwar is going to co-author her memoir titled: "Dipa Karmakar: The Small Wonder".
Dipa Karmakar had made India proud at the Rio Olympics with her performance in the field of gymnastics.

6. State - Madhya Pradesh Government launches Narmada Seva Yatra:
Madhya Pradesh Government has launched five months long Narmada Seva Yatra to turn the Narmada river pollution free.
It was launched by Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan at Amarkantak.
The Narmada Sewa Yatra aims to create awareness about the conservation of the river.

7. Person - Bill English becomes New Zealand prime minister:
New Zealand's governing National Party has elected Bill English, the former deputy prime minister, to succeed John Key as the country's prime minister.
Paula Bennett was voted to become his deputy,  Key announced his resignation on December 5 after eight years in the office.

8. State - Uttar Pradesh and Tata Trust Ties to Strengthen Public Distribution System:
The Uttar Pradesh Government has tied up with Tata Trusts to acquire digital platforms to strengthen the public distribution system (PDS) in the state.
As per the Agreement, Tata Trusts has installed electronic Point of Sale devices (ePOS) in various urban region shops of Lucknow, to ensure operation of an Aadhaar-enabled Public Distribution System (AePDS) at a fair price.

9. Grography - Cyclone 'Vardah' to pass over south Goa on December 14:
Cyclone 'Vardah' is set to pass through south Goa on Wednesday, which will lead to rise in temperature and light rains in the state from Tuesday onwards.
The cyclone will reach Karnataka by Tuesday.

10. Science and Technology - Ammonia detected for first time in upper Troposphere:
Scientists for the first time have detected trace amounts of ammonia in the upper troposphere, the lowest atmospheric layer of Earth.
It was detected by team of researchers from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology in Germany.
They had analysed satellite data collected from various parts of the troposphere between June 2002 to April 2012.
The ammonia concentration was up to 33 pptv (33 ammonia molecules per trillion air molecules) above Southeast China and North India.
The ammonia released due to agricultural processes survives all the way to the troposphere, where it ends up in monsoons. It is not washed out completely when air ascends in monsoon circulation.
It enters the upper troposphere from the boundary layer close to the ground, where the gas occurs at relatively high concentrations.
Earth's troposphere: It extends from 7 to 20 km above sea level.
It contains up to 80% of the planet's atmosphere, and all weather phenomena.

11. Person - Pulkit Trivedi Facebook India's new Industry Director:
Pulkit Trivedi was appointed as industry director of Facebook's-commerce, retail, travel and financial services verticals.
Previously, he was working for Google India as Head of Industry, eCommerce since April 2012. He has rich experience of 18 years and has worked with Microsoft, IBM and HCL in past.

12. International - Motera's Sardar Patel Cricket Stadium set to become largest in the world:
The Sardar Patel Cricket Stadium (popularly known as Motera Stadium) in Ahmedabad is set to become the world's largest seating capacity cricket stadium.
For increasing capacity the Gujarat Cricket Association (GCA) has handed the stadium's renovation project to Larsen and Turbo (L&T).
The renovated stadium will have seating capacity of about 1,10,000 people from current 54,000 people. It will surpass the Melbourne Cricket Ground, which has a capacity of 1,00,024 people.

13. Science and Technology - India has offered tsunami early warning-system to South China Sea (SCS) countries like Vietnam, Malaysia and Philippines as part of soft-diplomacy.
India already provides earthquake and tsunami-warning alerts to several countries in the Indian Ocean neighbourhood, as do Japan and Australia.
Developed by scientists at the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS).
The South China Sea (SCS) is a controversial region on which China exerting territorial rights over its large part.
Some of these territorial claims have been challenged by Vietnam, Malaysia and the Philippines.
On this issue, India considers that all countries must abide by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which governs how countries must respect ocean boundaries and international waters of countries.
India and China are signatory to this convention.

14. National - The central zonal bench of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) has directed the Rajasthan government to cancel allotments of salt pans in the Sambhar Salt Lake.
The petitioner had alleged that commercial, ground water extracting and other activities in and around the Sambhar Lake are detrimental to the eco-system of the wetland.
These activities were carried out illegally contrary to the provisions of the Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules framed under the Environment Protection Acts, 1986.
The illegal business of brine extraction in the Sambhar Salt Lake (SSL) was first highlighted in the Vinod Kapoor Committee report in 2010.
The report had mentioned that 15-20 borewells were operating in every bigha of land in the vicinity of SSL.
It resulted in to exploitation of water resources leading to decline groundwater level by almost 60 metres in the area.
Sambhar Salt Lake is India's largest inland salt lake. It is located in Nagaur and Jaipur districts of Rajasthan. It is surrounded on all sides by the Aravali hills.

15. International - Non-OPEC countries that recently agreed to cut oil production- Azerbaijan, Oman, Mexico, Sudan, South Sudan, Bahrain, Malaysia, Equatorial Guinea, Bolivia, Kazakhstan and Russia

16. Science and Technology - Challenge in which around 100000 people participated to test Albert Einstein's understanding of the microscopic world- BIG Bell Test

17. Award - Person conferred with the Officer of the Legion of Honour, highest French civilian distinction- John Kerry

18. International - International Mountain Day 2016 was observed globally on- 11 December

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