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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS ON DEC 13 2016

1. STATE - Punjab Government launches India's first amphibious bus project:
Punjab Government has launched country's first amphibious bus project at the Harike wetland near Amritsar.
The amphibious bus named as 'Harike Cruise' travels on land and as well as in water.
The first of its kind amphibious bus in India was imported from Swedish automobile company Scania.

2. INTERNATIONAL - India 4th Most Vacation-deprived Country:
India has been ranked as the 4th most vacation deprived country globally, as 63 % take fewer days of the vacations that they get, according to to a report.
"After Spain (68 per cent), UAE (68 per cent), Malaysia (67 per cent) and South Korea (64 per cent), India is ranked as the fourth most vacation deprived country globally," according to Expedia Vacation Deprivation Report 2016.

3. PERSON - Former
Portugal PM Guterres sworn in as UN chief:
Former Portuguese PM Antonio Guterres took the oath of office on Monday to be the 9th United Nations Secretary-General.
Guterres, 67, will replace Ban Ki-moon of South Korea. Ban steps down at the end of 2016 after serving two five-year terms.

4. INTERNATIONAL - India and Indonesia sign three agreements to enhance strategic partnership:
These agreements were signed after delegation level talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and visiting President of Indonesia Joko Widodo in New Delhi.
Signed Agreements are MoU on Youth and Sports Cooperation, MoU on Standardization Cooperation and Joint Communiqué on Voluntary International Cooperation to Combat Illegal, Unregulated and Unreported (IUU) Fishing and to promote Sustainable Fisheries Governance.

5. PERSON - Lt Gen Naveed Mukhtar appointed as the new ISI chief:
Lt. Gen. Naveed Mukhtar has been appointed as
the new Director-General of the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI).
He replaces Lt. Gen. Rizwan Akhtar who has been appointed as president of the National Defence University (NDU) in Islamabad.
Earlier, Lt. Gen. Mukhtar was the Commander of V Corps of Karachi from September 2014 to December 2016.

6. INTERNATIONAL - EU, Cuba sign first agreement on political cooperation:
The European Union (EU) has signed a deal with Cuba on political dialogue and cooperation, with Cuba being the only Latin American country to lack such an agreement earlier.
This comes after EU repealed its 1996 policy which stated that Cuba must improve its human rights conditions before normalisation talks with EU.
The deal covers issues like trade, human rights and immigration.

7. AWARD - Cristiano Ronaldo voted best footballer in the world for 4th time:
Real Madrid forward Cristiano Ronaldo beat rival Lionel Messi to win the
prestigious 2016 Ballon d'Or award for fourth time.
Ronaldo also took home Ballon d'Or prize in 2013 and 2014, and 2008.

8. PERSON - Priyanka appointed UNICEF Global Goodwill Ambassador:
Priyanka Chopra has been announced as the UNICEF Global Goodwill Ambassador to promote child rights at the UNICEF 70th anniversary event.
She was presented as the ambassador by former footballer David Beckham and actress Millie Bobby Brown.

9. INTERNATIONAL - Rajiv Gandhi airport achieves carbon neutral status:
The Rajiv Gandhi International Airport (RGIA), Hyderabad has achieved carbon neutral status.
It is the first in the Asia-Pacific region in the 5-15 million passengers per annum category to attain this status.
Earlier in September 2016 GMR Group-led Delhi Airport had become the first airport in Asia-Pacific to achieve carbon neutral status among all categories.

10. PERSON - 2 Indians included in US
Richest Entrepreneurs Under 40 list: Forbes:
Two Indian-origin men have figured in Forbes magazine's second annual list of wealthiest entrepreneurs under the age of 40 which is topped by Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg.
Vivek Ramaswamy, a successful biotech entrepreneur has been ranked 24th on 'America's Richest Entrepreneurs Under 40 2016' list with a net worth of 600 million dollars and Apoorva Mehta stands at 31st spot with a 360 million dollars net worth.

11. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY - Microsoft launches India's first Cybersecurity Engagement Centre in New Delhi:
Software giant Microsoft India has launched its first full-scale Cybersecurity Engagement Centre (CSEC) in New Delhi.
It is Microsoft's seventh Cybersecurity Centre in the world. It will function as a satellite to the its Redmond Digital Crimes Unit (DCU).

12. SPORTS - Pankaj Advani wins 11th World Billiards Championship:
Ace Indian cueist
Pankaj Advani won his 11th World Billiards (150-Up format) Championships title by beating Peter Gilchrist of Singapore in the summit clash in Bengaluru.
Advani beat multiple world champion Gilchrist by six games to three in a gripping final contest to wrap up his 16th world title overall.

13. GEOGRAPHY - This Indian city was most affected by the Cyclone Vardah – Chennai

14. INTERNATIONAL - This European city introduced odd-even car rule to tackle smog - Paris

15. BANKING - The United Bank of India has adopted two villages, namely Patunagar, near Agartala and Sachindranagar Colony in Jirania sub-division to implement schemes in the line of digital India program of - Tripura

16 . Reserve Bank of India directed banks to keep record of new notes in view of seizures by Income Tax Department and other law enforcement agencies of large quantities of - High Denomination Notes

17. INTERNATIONAL - To
tackle the world's worst inflation crisis, the country announced demonetisation of Bolivar Fuerte 100 banknotes - Venezuela

18. PERSON - Indonesian President Joko Widodo, or Jokowi as he is known is on his official visit to India.
Indonesia is a latent Asian power. It is the world's largest archipelago, straddling the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
It can potentially control virtually all the straits linking the southern Indian Ocean to the South China Sea.
Indonesia can play a stabilising role in the Indo-Pacific region as China is showing its naval muscle in the South China Sea and its strategic and commercial reach through the One Belt One Road initiative.
Medan industrial zone in north Sumatra is strategically important for India.
A shipping service from Chennai or Krishnapatnam to Medan via the Andaman Islands could be used to export Indian goods to offset, at least partly, the large imbalance in India's
trade with Indonesia.
India could also learn lessons on tourism promotion from Indonesia — from Bali, for instance, where Indians rank high in the list of nationalities visiting that island.
India could also learn from Bali about a more 'simple' Hinduism that is relatively free from caste and sectarian divisions.

19. INTERNATIONAL - Islamic State retakes ancient city of Palmyra
Islamic State militants have recaptured the ancient city of Palmyra from Syrian troops.
In winning back Palmyra, the extremist group appeared to be taking advantage of the Syrian and Russian preoccupation with Aleppo, timing its attack to coincide with a major government offensive to capture the last remaining opposition-held neighborhoods in the northern city.

20. PERSON- Paolo Gentiloni has been named as Italy's new prime minister following reformist leader Matteo Renzi's resignation in the wake of a crushing referendum
defeat.

21. PERSON - Former Portuguese Prime Minister Antonio Guterres (67) was sworn in as the 9th UN Secretary-General.
He was administered the Oath of Office by Peter Thomson, President of UN General Assembly at special plenary meeting. He succeeds Ban Ki-moon and shall have five-year term beginning January 1, 2017.
Antonio Guterres was unanimously appointed by the UN General Assembly after the 15-nation UN Security Council had approved him in October 2016.
About Antonio Guterres
Antonio Guterres is Portuguese politician and diplomat.
He was Prime Minister of Portugal from 1995 to 2002.
He had entered politics in 1976 during Portugal's first democratic election after the "Carnation Revolution" which had ended five decades of dictatorship.
He was the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) from June 2005 to December 2015.
He led the UNHCR through during one of the world's worst
present refugee crises, including those in Syria, Afghanistan, and Iraq.
The UN Secretary-General is the head of the United Nations Secretariat. He is de facto spokesperson and leader of the UN.
The role Secretary-General has been mentioned in Chapter XV (Articles 97 to 101) of UN Charter.
The post lasts for five years and is limited to a maximum of two terms.

22. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY - Researchers discovered Atlantic killifish, a fish species which has evolved to be 8,000 times more resilient to toxic waste compared with normal fish.
The fish species lives in the heavily polluted East Coast estuaries of US such as the Elizabeth River in Virginia and the Newark Bay in New Jersey.
Key Facts
The evolution has made Atlantic killifish very resilient to environmental change allows it live in lethal and human-altered environments.
The fish has evolved to adapt to the amount of highly toxic industrial
pollutants that would normally kill normal fish.
Killifish has resilience to high levels of genetic variation which is higher than those of other vertebrates including humans.
The fish has small strip on its small body and has beautiful colours. It is not commercially valuable
Ecologists use it as an indicator species acting like an aquatic canary in polluted environments

23. NATIONAL - The Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs is going to will launch "Vanjeevan", the National Resource Centre (NRC) for Tribal Livelihood issues in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
It will be launched in collaboration with UNDP and National Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporation (NSTFDC).
Besides, NRC website and e-knowledge platform on tribal livelihood will also be unveiled.
Vanjeevan in the first phase will identify the problems in livelihood issues in select districts of six states having low Human Development Index (HDI) of
tribal people.
The programme will focus on the identification of local resources, keeping in view the existing skill level.
It will facilitate utilization of funds under various Government programmes for the above purpose.
It will be implemented in Assam, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Odisha and Telangana in the first phase.
In the second phase the programme will be implemented in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya and Tripura.
National Resource Centre (NRC)
NRC will serve as a platform for livelihood mapping, skill gap analysis. It will be knowledge hub for providing consolidation of best livelihood and entrepreneurship models for the tribal entrepreneurship development.

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