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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS ON DEC 18 2016

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS ON DEC 18 2016


1. State - Manipur Chief Minsiter inaugurates two new districts amid Naga protests:
  • Manipur Chief Minister Okram Ibobi Singh has inaugurated two new districts Pherzawl and Noney. 
  • Pherzawl carved out of Churachandpur district, and Noney from Tamenglong district in Manipur.Now, the total number of the district is 11. 
  • Manipur government resolved to create Kangpokpi, Jiribam, Noney, Tengnoupal, Pherzol, Kamjong and Kaching districts by carving up seven of the existing nine districts of the state on December 8, 2016.

2. National - Government forms high-level task force on Indus Water Treaty headed by Nripendra Mishra:
  • The Government has formed an inter- ministerial task force to look into all the strategic aspects of Indus Water Treaty (IWT) with Pakistan on December 17, 2016.
  • The Task force will be headed by PM Narendra Modi's Principal Secretary Nripendra Mishra.
  • Other team members included NSA Ajit Doval, Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar and Secretaries in ministries of Finance, Environment, Power and Water Resource.

3. Person - Sharad Pawar steps down as president of MCA:
  • Indian politician Sharad Pawar has stepped down as president of the Mumbai Cricket Association (MCA).
  • Move came after Pawar decided to 'fall in line' with the recommendations of the Lodha panel. According to the Panel, that cricket administrator should not be over 70 years and must not serve two consecutive terms.

4. Person - Journalist Arnab Goswami launched a new venture called 'Republic':
  • Noted television journalist and talk show host Arnab Goswami  has announced that the launch of his 'new venture' called 'Republic', on December 15, 2016, a month after resigning as editor-in-chief of Times Now.
  • At a conference held at the 10th anniversary of IEEMA ( Indian Electronic Arnab GoswamiEquipment Manufacturer's Association), the apex body for the power equipment industry, Swamy informed that Republic will be launched on 26 January, 2017.

5. National - The Supreme Court in a landmark verdict held that Jammu and Kashmir is an integral part of India and did not enjoy sovereign status, either under its constitution or that of India.
  • The apex court made this observation while hearing on appeal filed by State Bank of India (SBI) and other banks over the issue of recovery of loans under Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest (SARFAESI) Act, 2002.
  • It affirmed that J&K's constitution was subordinate to the Indian Constitution and its permanent residents were Indian citizens.
  • The SBI and other banks had appealed against Jammu and Kashmir High Court verdict given in July 2015.
  • The J&K HC had held that the SARFAESI Act, 2002 enacted by the Parliament was not valid in respect of the permanent residents of the state as it collides with the Transfer of Property Act of Jammu & Kashmir, 1920.
  • It had held that law made by Parliament which affects the laws made by a State legislature cannot be extended to J&K.
  • In its judgment, the HC had repeatedly referred to the sovereignty of the state and held that Section 5 of the Constitution of J&K gives absolute sovereign power to state to legislate in respect of laws touching the rights of its permanent residents qua their immovable properties.
  • SARFAESI Act's provision entitles banks to auction properties to recover loans

6. State - Himachal Pradesh becomes sixth in India to attain 100% Aadhaar saturation
  • Himachal Pradesh became sixth state/UT in the Country to achieve 100 percent Aadhar saturation on the basis of population of year 2015.
  • Earlier, Delhi, Telangana, Haryana, Punjab and Chandigarh have achieved this milestone.

7. State - Himachal Pradesh's first Cyber Crime Police Station was opened at state police headquarter in Shimla

8. Banking- HDFC gets RBI nod to raise Rs. 3,000 crore more in masala bonds
  • Mortgage major HDFC has received permission from Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to raise Rs. 3,000 crore by issuing 'masala bonds' after it exhausted a Rs. 5,000 crore limit to issue these bonds.
  • Through the 'masala bond' route, an Indian company raises money overseas denominated in Indian rupees.
  • Masala Bonds are rupees-denominated bonds issued to overseas buyers. They are the first rupee bonds listed on the London Stock Exchange

9. Banking - State Bank of India, BSNL launches MobiCash Mobile Wallet India's largest lender State Bank of India (SBI) launched State Bank MobiCash Mobile Wallet.
  • It is a joint product by SBI and Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL).
  • Initially, this wallet services will be available in Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana and Bihar and expanded pan-India by the end of December 2016.
  • MobiCash will allow smartphone users to deposit cash through BSNL retail outlets and withdraw funds from their account.
  • SBI already has an application named SBI Buddy for smartphone users.

10. Award - Varun Bhatt and The Week awarded 2016 India Award for Excellence in Journalism
  • Varun Bhatt of Rajasthan Patrika and The Week have been jointly awarded International Press Institute's (IPI) India Award for Excellence in Journalism, 2016 for outstanding journalistic work done during 2015.
  • The award will be presented at a function in New Delhi by the end of January 2017

11. Person - Rajiv Jain appointed as new chief of Intelligence Bureau
  • The Union government has appointed senior IPS officer Rajiv Jain as the new chief of Intelligence Bureau (IB).
  • He succeeds Dineshwar Sharma and shall have two years term.
  • IB is India's internal intelligence agency.
  • It was recasted as the Central Intelligence Bureau in 1947 under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • Established: 1887 by British India Government.
  • Headquarters: New Delhi.
  • Motto: Always Alert

12. Person - Lt Gen Bipin Rawat appointed Chief of Indian Army Chief The Union Government has appointed Lt. Gen. Bipin Rawat as new Chief of Army Staff (CoAS).
  • He succeeds Army Chief General Dalbir Singh who retires on December 31, 2016.
  • His appointment goes against the long-held tradition of appointing the senior-most eligible officer to the topmost post.
  • With this criterion, he has superseded two seniormost commanders Eastern Army Commander Lt Gen Praveen Bakshi and Southern Army Commander Lt Gen PM Hariz.

13. Person - Anil Dhasmana appointed as new chief of Research and Analysis Wing The Union Government has appointed senior IPS officer Anil Dhasmana as new chief of Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), India's external intelligence agency.
  • He succeeds Rajinder Khanna who completes his two year tenure on 31 December 2016.
  • He will have tenure of 2 years.
  • His domain of expertise is considered to be Balochistan, counter-terrorism and Islamic affairs.
  • He also has experience in handling Pakistan, Afghanistan, Europe and SAARC desks.
  • RAW is the primary foreign intelligence agency of India.
  • It was established in 1968 following the intelligence failures of the Sino-Indian and Indo-Pakistani wars.
  • It is under the direct command of Prime Minister and reports on an administrative basis to the Cabinet Secretary of India, who reports to the Prime Minister.
  • Its primary function is gathering foreign intelligence, engaging in counter-terrorism, advising Indian policymakers, promoting counter-proliferation and advancing India's foreign strategic interests.
  • Headquarters: New Delhi.
  • Motto:  The law protects when it is protected

14.Science and Technology - NASA successfully launches 8 mini-satellites for hurricane forecasting The NASA has successfully launched constellation of eight mini-satellites as part Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System (CYGNSS) into space to improve hurricane forecasting.
  • These satellites were air launched by aerospace company Orbital ATK onboard of Pegasus rocket fired from plane at height of 12km.
  • NASA had opted for air launch rather than traditional rocket liftoff from the ground, to cut costs.
  • Each of the micro-satellite of CYGNSS weighs just 64 pounds (32kg) and has 5-foot wingspan.
  • They will be placed into the orbit 500km above earth's surface.
  • They have GPS navigation receivers to frequently measure the surface roughness of oceans.
  • It will allow scientists to calculate wind speed and storm intensity.
  • Unlike weather satellites already in orbit, these satellites can peer through rain swirling in a hurricane, all the way into the core or eye.

15. Science and Technology - China opens first fully-owned satellite ground station near North Pole China launched its first fully-owned overseas satellite ground station near the North Pole enabling it to collect satellite data anywhere on the Earth at fastest speed in the world.
  • It is formally known as China Remote Sensing Satellite North Pole Ground Station.
  • It is located about 200 kms north of the Arctic Circle in Sweden.
  • The Artic ground station is built and run by Chinese Academy of Sciences.
  • It will allow China to collect satellite data anywhere on Earth at speeds that were more than twice as fast as before.
  • It will use best and most sensitive signal receiving devices ever built by China.
  • It includes one with higher bandwidth, covering frequencies from 26.5 to 40 GHz.
  • It has download speed of 6 Gigabits (billions of bits) per second, fastest in the world.
  • It will also play an important role in China's Gaofen project, a network of observation satellites orbiting Earth to provide global surveillance capabilities which is due to be completed in 2020.
  • This facility in Sweden can download data from satellites orbiting Earth in less than 3.5 hours, compared to domestic ground stations located in other part of world which require 7 hours.
  • The shorter time is because satellites orbiting North Pole are able to pass about 12 times each day around Earth while those satellites flying over China can orbit Earth only about 5 times each day.

16. Sports - Vijender Singh retains WBO-Asia Pacific Super title Indian boxing star Vijender Singh retained his WBO-Asia Pacific Super Middleweight title by defeated Tanzanian boxer Francis Cheka.
  • He defeated Cheka in the third round of the total 10-round contest held at Thyagraj Stadium in New Delhi.




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