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1. Person - Delhi Lt Governor Najeeb Jung submits his resignation
  • Delhi Lieutenant Governor Najeeb Jung submitted his resignation to the Central Government, 18 months prior to his completion of term.
  • His tenure was scheduled to end in 2018 after he had taken the charge of the office in July 2013.
  • Jung was the 13th Vice-Chancellor of the Jamia Millia Islamia University.
  • He again will be returning to academics.

2. State - PM Narendra Modi lays foundation stone of Cancer Centre in Varanasi
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid foundation stone of Madan Mohan Malviya Cancer Centre in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.
  • He also inaugrated super-speciality hospital at Banaras Hindu University,trade facilitation centre and a crafts museum, along with some projects under the Union Textile Ministry.

3. State - Northeast Institute of Ayurveda and Homeopathy in Shillong
  • Union Minister of State for Ayush Shripad Yesso Naik inaugurated North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda and Homeopathy (NEIAH) in Shillong, capital city of Meghalaya.
  • The NEIAH aims at providing alternative health care to people of the northeastern region and Sikkim.
  • It also aims to produce quality human resource in area of Ayush, particularly in ayurveda and homoeopathy along with yoga.

4. National - Government announces new rules to ease process of getting passport
  • The Union Government announced new passport rules in order to streamline, liberalize and ease the process of issue of passport.
  • Under new rules, birth certificate is no longer mandatory for getting passport.
  • Henceforth, applicant of online passport application will only need to provide the name of only one parent and not both.
  • This will enable single parents to apply for passports for their children.
  • Besides, married applicants will not be required to provide any marriage certificate.
  • The application form does not require the applicants to provide the name of their spouse in case of separated or divorced persons.

5. National - Government allows use of old notes for tax payment under PMGKY
  • The Union Finance Ministry has allowed use of old bank notes of 500 and 1,000 rupees for payment towards tax, surcharge, penalty and deposit under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY) till 30 December 2016.
  • The payment in old notes is to be made through challan and the deposits are to be made in the scheme.
  • The PMGKY permits voluntary declarations of previously undisclosed income with an effective tax rate of 50% and requires assessees to deposit a further 25% of such wealth into a four-year interest-free deposit.
  • The scheme allows assessees to disclose previously unaccounted and undeclared income under its ambit.
  • It started on 17 December 2016 and is open for declarations upto 31 March, 2017.

6. National - Government reconstitutes committee helping Krishna River Board
  • The Union Water Resources Ministry has reconstituted a committee that was tasked with assisting the Krishna River Management Board (KRMB).
  • The new committee will be headed by A.K. Bajaj, former chairman of the Central Water Commission (CWC).
  • Besides, Gopala Krishnan, R.P. Pandey, Pradeep Kumar Shukla and N.N. Rai will be its members.
  • Assist KRMB to prepare a manual on how projects, common to Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, ought to be handled.
  • Decide how the Godavari waters ought to be transferred to the Krishna Basin in accordance with the Godavari Water Disputes Tribunal Award
  • The committee was reconstituted based on the demand of Telangana government after it had opposed the earlier Mohile committee's recommendation considering it as one-sided and biased against Telangana.
  • The earlier committee was constituted in September 2016 to suggest a mechanism for facilitating the effective functioning of the KRMB as per the provisions of the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014

7. National - Government launches Coal Mitra portal to facilitate flexibility in utilization of domestic coal
  • The Union Ministry of Coal has launched Coal Mitra, a web portal for allowing flexibility in utilization of domestic Coal.
  • It was launched by Union Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal, New & Renewable Energy and Mines Piyush Goyal in New Delhi.
  • The Coal Mitra Web Portal aims at optimum utilisation by private as well as public power companies of the coal.
  • It facilitates transfer of the coal reserves to more cost efficient State/Centre owned or Private sector generating stations.
  • The portal allows coal swapping between PSUs and the Private Sector in transparent manner and also helps to reduce operational and logistic costs, bringing power tariffs down for the consumers.
  • It facilitates state/Central Gencos to display information about normative fixed and variable charges of electricity for the previous month.
  • They can also display margin available for additional generation so as to enable the utilities identify stations for transfer of coal.
  • It will host data on Quantity and source of supply coal to the power plant, Operational and Financial parameters of each coal based station and Distance of Power plant form the Coal mine.

8. State/UT - Puducherry introduces 3% quota for disabled in Government jobs
  • Puducherry Government has announced the implementation of 3% reservation for differently-abled persons in government jobs in the Union Territory.
  • It was announced by Lieutenant Governor Kiran Bedi.
  • The reservation is provided in par with the provisions of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995.

9. State - UP Government approves inclusion of 17 OBCs in SC list
  • Uttar Pradesh government has approved a proposal to include 17 Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in the Scheduled Class (SC) list.
  • Proposal in this regard was cleared by state cabinet meeting chaired by Chief minister Akhilesh Yadav.
  • Notably, the Central Government earlier had included 15 new castes in the central list of OBCs.
  • The new inclusions in the central list include Gadheri/Itafarosh from Bihar and Jhora from Jharkhand, among others.

10. National - Indo-Tibetan Police Force inducts yaks at China border
  • The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) has become the first force in the world to induct yaks for strategically pivotal logistic support duties.
  • Yaks are commonly referred as the 'ships of the cold deserts'.
  • They will be employed by the ITBP Veterinary Wing which works in the two states of Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh along the Indo-China border.

11. International - France becomes first country to use drones for national mail service
  • France became the first country in the world to use drones for national mail service.
  • In this regard, French postal service announced a drone delivery program to deliver parcels on a 14-kilometre route once a week to reach mountainous regions.
  • These mail drones will have a range of 19 km and a top speed of 30.5 kmph.
  • They also have parachutes for safe emergency landing.

12. International - US imposes more sanctions on Russia
  • United States has imposed more sanctions on Russian businessmen and companies over Russia's annexation of Crimea and the conflict in Ukraine.
  • The measures come before US President Barack Obama hands over power to President-elect Donald Trump in January 2017.
  • Donald Trump has praised Russian President Vladimir Putin and even said that two countries could get along.
  • He even has nominated Exxon Mobil Corp Chief Executive Officer Rex Tillerson for U.S. Secretary of State who had opposed US sanctions on Russia, which awarded him a friendship medal in 2013.
  • The US had introduced sanctions on Russia after it annexed the Crimean peninsula from Ukraine in 2014 and further expanded them after Russia intensified support for separatist rebels in eastern Ukraine.

13. International - Saudi Arabia projects $53billion deficit in 2017
  • Saudi Arabia, world's biggest oil exporter has projected a 2017 Budget deficit of about US $53 billion and said that deficit in 2016 will be $79 billion, down 8.9% from 2016's budget forecast.
  • Expenses next year will reach $237 billion against revenues of $184 billion US.
  • In the wake of 2016 record deficit, Saudi Arabia had frozen major building projects, cut Cabinet ministers' salaries and imposed a wage freeze on civil servants.
  • The main reason for fall of revenue was due to fall in poil prices, which were above $100 a barrel in 2014 and sank below $40 in 2016, but recovered towards end of 2016 and traded below $55.

14. Science and Technology - Flock launches world's first chat Operating System
  • Flock, a team messenger for businesses has launched world's first chat operating system "FlockOS".
  • It allows developers to build customised apps, bots and integrations on Flock.
  • It provides setup slash commands, providing an additional option for users to interact with the app.
  • It can also configure a Bot to send directed messages to users, carry on conversations and completing tasks from within Flock.

15. International - World's first solar road opens in France
  • The world's first solar road was opened in the small French village of Tourouvre-au-Perche in Normandy.
  • The one-kilometre long solar road is made with 30,000 square feet of solar panels.
  • These panels have been covered in a silicon-based resin that allows them to withstand the weight of passing vehicles.
  • It can generate enough energy to power street lighting in the village.
  • It took five years and cost $5.2 million to develop it.
  • It will be used for a two-year test period to check its standard output.

16. Science and Technology - Newly discovered fish named after Obama
  • Scientists have named pink-and-yellow coral-reef fish as Tosanoides obama in the honour of outgoing US President Barack Obama.
  • The fish is found exclusively within the protected area in Hawaii.
  • It was discovered during a June 2016 in Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument in Hawaiian Islands.
  • Male obamas fish have a distinctive spot on the dorsal fin near the tail.
  • It is blue around the edge and red with yellow stripes in the centre.
  • Besides this fish, Barack Obama also has trapdoor spider, a speckled freshwater darter (fish), a parasitic hairworm and an extinct lizard named after him.

17. National - NGT bans open waste burning across the country
  • The National Green Tribunal (NGT) imposed a complete ban on burning of waste in open places across the country and announced a fine of Rs. 25,000 on each incident of bulk waste burning.
  • The green panel's judgement was given on the petition seeking directions to local bodies in states and Centre for improving solid waste management methods.
  • The green panel's judgement was given on the petition seeking directions to local bodies in states and Centre for improving solid waste management methods.
  • NGT Judgement Complete prohibition on open burning of waste on lands, including at landfill sites.
  • For each such incident, violators will pay environmental compensation of Rs. 5,000 in case of simple burning and Rs. 25,000 in case of bulk waste burning, States and UTs to enforce and implement Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016 in a time-bound manner.
  • Union Environment Ministry and all States must pass appropriate directions in relation to the ban on short-life Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) and chlorinated plastics within a period of six months.
  • Establish and operationalise of plants for processing and disposal of the waste and selection and specifications of landfill sites Non-biodegradable waste and non-recyclable plastic should be segregated from the landfill sites.
  • It must be used for construction of roads and embankments in all road projects all over country.
  • National Green Tribunal (NGT) :  NGT is a statutory body established by a Government Notification using the powers of Section 3 of the NGT Act 2010.
  • It is a special fast-track court to handle the expeditious disposal of the cases pertaining to environmental issues.
  • It has been established to assure the right to a healthy environment to the citizens of India as enshrined in Article 21 of Constitution.

18. Science and Technology - Scientists use 'pregnancy fluid' to strengthen weak bones
  • UK-based researchers have found that stem cells harvested from pregnant woman's amniotic fluid can be used to strengthen weak bones.
  • Amniotic fluid is the protective fluid that surrounds baby in the uterus and helps it to develop inside the mother's womb.
  • It also contains stem cells that are the building blocks of other tissues.
  • Bones are constantly formed in body with cells called osteoclasts which break down old bone and form new bones.
  • However, incase due to brittle bone disease, osteoporosis process becomes lazy leading to fracture bones.
  • The researchers collected the amniotic stem cells from material left over from screening tests during pregnancy.
  • Then they injected these cells into diseased mice having fractured bones due to brittle bone disease (a genetic disorder that results in fragile bones that break easily).
  • It was found that mice injected with these cells have 78% fewer fractures.
  • Thus, the amniotic stem cells can be used to improve strength, plasticity, and structure of bones.
  • Potential Application: This discovery can help treat astronauts who lose bone mass in space. It is said that astronauts can lose 2.5% of their bone density for every month in space. It can also help babies with genetic diseases and elderly people.

19. Science and Technology - Japan successfully launches solid fuel rocket
  • Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) has successfully launched a solid fuel rocket named Epsilon-2 from the Uchinoura Space Center in southern Japan.
  • The 26-metre-long rocket released Exploration of energization and Radiation in Geospace (ERG) satellite for studying radiation belts around the earth soon after the lift-off
  • ERG satellite will orbit in a highly elliptical orbit, getting as close to Earth as 350 kilometers and as far away as 30,000 km.
  • This path will take the satellite through the Van Allen radiation belts, where the earth's magnetic field traps huge numbers of fast-moving electrons and other particles.
  • These particles mainly damage the computer systems aboard satellites and pose a radiation danger to astronauts.
  • The satellite will use nine different instruments for studying radiation belts over the course of a mission designed to last at least one year.
  • Epsilon-2 rocket is part of a new generation of solid propellant rockets which can reduce launch costs up to one-third.
  • The reduction in cost can allow it to put more communication and weather satellites in space.
  • Thus, it can give JAXA a competitive edge in space launch industry which has robust growth potential and strong security implications.

20. State - Amul to invest Rs 200 crore in Wes Bengal
  • Amul, a brand owned by Kaira District Cooperative Milk Producers' Union will invest 200 crore rupees with a 'Centralised Milk Processing Plant' at Sankrail Food Park in Howrah in West Bengal.
  • The proposed plant will manufacture UHT milk, ghee and yoghurt besides normal milk.
  • It will be built on an industrial cluster concept.
  • Work on the plant would start in 2017 and is expected to be completed by 2018 end.
  • The Kandua Food Park at Howrah's Sankrail was developed by WBIDC to cater to needs of manufacturers and producers of food and agro products, in which dairy is an important inclusion.

21. International - India suffers from huge gender pay gap: ILO Report
  • Recently released Global Wage Report 2016-17 released by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) has found that India suffers from huge gender pay gap.
  • It shows that India has among the worst levels of gender wage disparity (men earning more than women in similar jobs) with the gap exceeding 30%.
  • Singapore has among the lowest gender wage disparity at 3%.
  • Among major economies, South Korea only fared worse than India, with a gap of 37%.
  • India's position: In India, women formed 60% of the lowest paid wage labour, but only 15% of the highest wage-earners.
  • It means that women are not only poorly represented in the top bracket of wage-earners but also gender pay gap at the bottom is also very wide in India.
  • In other words, not only were women paid less, there were fewer women in highly paid occupations.
  • Regional wage disparity: The share of women among wage earners was among the lowest in South Asia. Compared to a global average of 40%, and an Asia-Pacific average of 38%, in South Asia (whose dominant economy is India), only 20% of wage earners were women.
  • Reasons for wage gap: Women's educational choices produced occupational segregation. Care work mostly undertaken by women is undervalued because it may be seen as a natural female attribute rather than a skill to be acquired. Thus, there is higher representation of women in sectors where their work is undervalued results in a gender pay gap.
  • Way Forward: Strong labour market institutions and policies such as collective bargaining and minimum wages will help to lower the pay gap. It is found that the gender pay gap is smallest (around 8%) in the group of countries where the collective bargaining rate is at least 80%, and widest in countries with weak collective bargaining and very low or no minimum wages.
  • Income inequality: The report also highlighted income inequality. In India, the top 1% earns 33 times what the bottom 10% did. The top 10% also earned 43% of all wages. Since 2006, average wages rose by 60% in India, while they more than doubled in China.
  • International Labour Organisation (ILO) : The ILO is a United Nations agency dealing with labour issues, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all. It was established in 1919 as an agency of the League of Nations and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Lower to High >Singapore>Greece>Italy>Iceland>Canada>Indonesia>Netherlands>France>USA>HongKong>UK>Australia>Brazil>Germany>South Africa>Russia>Japan>India>South Korea

22. Sports - Mary Kom given AIBA Legends award
  • Five-time world champion and Olympic bronze medalist MC Mary Kom was awarded the AIBA Legends award by the International Boxing Federation (AIBA).
  • Besides, Asian Games' bronze medalist Vikas Krishan Yadav was awarded AIBA Pro Boxing Best Boxer trophy.

23. Sports - Argentina wins FIFA Team of the Year title
  • Argentina has won the FIFA 'Team of the Year' title after finishing top of the FIFA rankings of the year 2016 with 1,634 points.
  • Argentina's rivals Brazil was placed at second position with 1,544 points while World Champions Germany finished third with 1,433 points.
  • 2015 winner Belgium was placed at fifth position with 1,368 points.

24. Sports - Mahinder Pal Singh first Sikh cricketer in Pakistan to join national academy
  • Mahinder Pal Singh became the first Sikh cricketer in Pakistan to join national academy.
  • He hails from Nankana Sahib in Lahore and is among the list of top 30 emerging cricketers in the country.
  • Pakistan's cricketing history has only seen 7 non-muslim cricketers representing the country.

25. Sports - Ashwin wins Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy for ICC Cricketer of the year
  • Indian offspiner Ravichandran Ashwin won the Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy after being named the ICC Cricketer of the Year besides the ICC Test Cricketer of the Year.
  • He is only the third Indian player ever win this trophy.
  • The other two Indians are Rahul Dravid (won in 2004) and Sachin Tendulkar (2010).
  • Overall, he is the 12th player to win the prestigious Trophy that is named after former West Indies cricket captain Sir Garfield Sobers.

26. National - Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently launched National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) during his recent visit to Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.
  • The scheme aims to provide apprenticeship training to over 50 lakh youngsters in order to create more jobs.
  • It has budgetary outlay of Rs 10000 crore.
  • National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) : NAPS is implemented by Director General of Training (DGT) under the aegis of Union Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
  • Under it, Central Government for the first time will provide financial incentives to the employers to engage actively in apprenticeship training.
  • Central Government will also directly share 25% of the total stipend (maximum of 1,500 rupees per month per apprentice) payable to an apprentice with employers.
  • In addition, it will support basic training which is considered an essential component of apprenticeship training.
  • The Central Government will bear the 50% of the total expenditure incurred on providing basic training to an apprentice.
  • All transactions including registration by employers, apprentices, registration of contract and payment to employers will be made in online mode.

27. National - PM Modi features on Government of India calendar for 2017:
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has featured on the Government of India 2017 calendar, released by the Press Information Bureau.
  • The calendar features candid pictures, with each month representing the issues that Modi has worked for.
  • The photos depict the Prime Minister's participation in campaigns including 'Swachh Bharat', 'Sashakt Nari, Sashakt Bharat', and 'MSME: India's economic backbone'

28. Person - Roger Federer named 2016's 'Most Stylish Man' by GQ:
  • Seventeen-time Grand Slam winner Roger Federer was named the 'Most Stylish Man' of 2016 by GQ, a leading men's magazine.
  • The magazine described Federer as "quietly elegant tennis pro who favours neutral suits and the occasional pop of colour on the court".
  • Roger Federer beat Tim Hiddleston in the final round by more than 60% of fan votes.

29. Person - Hrithik Roshan becomes highest advance taxpaying actor:
  • Hrithik Roshan has become the highest advance taxpaying actor.
  • He has paid an advance tax of Rs 80 crore till December 15, 2016, compared to Rs 50 crore last year. After Hrithik, it is Aamir Khan, who has paid Rs. 74 crore. 
  • Ranbir Kapoor, who paid Rs 37 crore as advance tax till December is at 3rd position.

30. Person - Salman Khan has been ranked No. 1 on the fifth Forbes India Celebrity 100 List:
  • Salman Khan has earned a revenue of Rs 270.33 crore and ranked no. 1 in the 5th Forbes India Celebrity 100 list.
  • Ranked second on the list, Shah Rukh Khan has an estimated earnings of Rs 221.75 crore.
  • The Forbes' ranking is based on two parameters: estimates of entertainment-related earnings and estimates of fame.

31. Person - American Tourister appoints Virat Kohli as brand ambassador:
  • Luggage maker American Tourister has appointed India Test skipper Virat Kohli as its brand ambassador.
  • The luggage brand has signed the ace cricketer to feature in a new integrated marketing communications campaign, which will be publicised in India, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, kick starting in March, 2017.

32. Sports - Jeje wins best footballer of the year award by AIFF:
  • Indian fotballer Jeje Lalpekhlua has named 2016's All India Football Federation (AIFF) Player of the Year, an award given to the best footballer in the country. 
  • The 25-year-old who hails from Mizoram will be awarded a prize of 2.5 lakh.

33. Sports - ICC Awards 2016 Winners
  • Ravichandran Ashwin has become the second India player after Rahul Dravid to win the ICC Cricketer of the Year 2016 and the ICC Test Cricketer of the Year in the same season when he achieved the feat at the 2016 ICC Awards on 22nd December 2016
1. ICC Cricketer of the Year (Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy) – Ravichandran Ashwin (India)
2. ICC Test Cricketer of the Year – Ravichandran Ashwin (India)
3. ICC ODI Cricketer of the Year – Quinton de Kock (South Africa)
4. ICC Women's ODI Cricketer of the Year – Suzie Bates (New Zealand)
5. ICC Women's T20I Cricketer of the Year – Suzie Bates (New Zealand)
6. ICC T20I Performance of the Year – Carlos Brathwaite (West Indies ) (34 not out, 10 balls, 1x4, 4x6, ICC WT20 India 2016 final v England, Kolkata)
7. ICC Emerging Cricketer of the Year – Mustafizur Rahman (Bangladesh)
8. ICC Associate/Affiliate Cricketer of the Year – Mohammad Shahzad (Afghanistan)
9. ICC Spirit of Cricket Award – Misbah-ul-Haq (Pakistan)
10. ICC Umpire of the Year (David Shepherd Trophy) – Marais Erasmus

  • ICC Men's Test Team of the Year 2016:
David Warner (Aus), Alastair Cook (Eng) (captain), Kane Williamson (NZ), Joe Root (Eng), Adam Vogues (Aus), Jonny Bairstow (Eng) (wicketkeeper), Ben Stokes (Eng), R. Ashwin (Ind), Rangana Herath (SL), Mitchell Starc (Aus), Dale Steyn (SA), Steve Smith (Aus)

  • ICC Men's ODI Team of the Year 2016:
David Warner (Aus), Quinton de Kock (SA), Rohit Sharma (Ind), Virat Kohli (Ind) (captain), AB de Villiers (SA), Jos Buttler (Eng), Mitchell Marsh (Aus), Ravindra Jadeja (Ind), Mitchell Starc (Aus), Kagiso Rabada (SA), Sunil Narine (WI),Imran Tahir (SA)

  • ICC Women's Team of the Year 2016:
Suzie Bates (New Zealand), Rachel Priest (New Zealand) (wicketkeeper), Smriti Mandhana (India), Stafanie Taylor (West Indies) (captain), Meg Lanning (Australia), Ellyse Perry (Australia), Heather Knight (England), Deandra Dottin (West Indies), Sune Luus (South Africa), Anya Shrubsole (England), Leigh Kasperek (New Zealand), Kim Garth (Ireland)

34. State - Uttar Pradesh sends first proposal for construction of houses for urban poor under PMAY (Urban)


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